Pedagogical school in 1960s
In 1960s the school went on its traditional life, which was organized in 1950s, however, the life made correction in the form of the organization and in the content of it. It was caused by objective and subjective reasons.In 1960s the school went on its traditional life, which was organized in 1950s, however, the life made correction in the form of the organization and in the content of it. It was caused by objective and subjective reasons.
Firstly, the atmosphere of the social life in the country had changed. It was the years of Khrushchev's warming, which came after the unmasking of Stalin's image. The ideas of emancipating and liberty were shown everywhere, and that couldn't have no influence on the content of the school's lifestyle.
Secondly, the contingent of the student was greatly changed. It was increased into more than 2 times. At the middle of 1960s it achieved 660 people, while in 1950s it was only 300 people. The quality of the students changed, too. When in 1958 the receiving to school was revived, most of the newcomers were the excellent pupils, and the entry competition was 10-15 people for one place. It gave the possibility to organize stricter choosing among the school-leavers. New circumstances required some changing in organization of the work. Earlier, when the number of students was not very large, the most spread form of work was a collective one. All questions of the school's life decided at the total meetings, which took place every month, now it was impossible to collect all the staff because there were no a suitable place; more work went on to the group, and the role of the comsomol group and class teachers arose.
Thirdly, great changes were inside the teachers' staff. It was renewed for almost 70 %. Some teachers, retired because of the shortage of the entrance students, didn't return there. The teachers who didn't return to the school were M.A.Vinokurova, K.S.Gorev, V.I.Irsetskaya, M.A.Burov; A.N.Nazarova (1958) and F.I.Volkov (1962) retired at all. Many young teachers came to work: T.I. Taranova and A.I.Taranov, A.A.Terentyeva and Y.F.Terentyev, G.N.Balandun, V.I.Martyanova and N.V.Martyanov, Y.P.Vorobyev, Y.B.Bulygina, R.N.Bolotnikova, N.I.Chistyakov, O.I.Kazakov, B.I.Marushkina, V.K.Oukludov, G.V.Dorofeyev and others. A large group of the school graduators came there, too: N.A.Antipov, M.I.Sokolov, A.M.Savleva, G.G.Kozlova, G.I.Tsvetkova, S.I.Denisova, N.S.Moiseyev, V.N.Mylnikov, N.N.Platonova, D.T.Nad'kin, and others. Many of them were brilliant and creative, enthusiastic and inquisitive persons. They brought something new to the pedagogical school.
The tasks of the school were the same: to prepare initiative, intelligent and skilled teachers for the village school. "The village need a strong teacher, which mustn't know less than a teacher in town, but must be more skillful than he", - repeatedly said A.A.Kumanev. He couldn't stand stagnation and routine in his deals, so he actively organized different experiments in his work, found them himself and supported the sparks of search in others. He supported all the initiatives, which helped extending the students' knowledge, widening mental outlook, forming skills necessary for the teacher. "Don't be just giving lessons persons! Be venture! Find! Don't fear of breaking up the stereotypes, because they were created by the teachers before you. But if everybody must be alike", - he said.
Those years the number of sections, optional courses, choirs was increased. It helped extend mental outlook, widen range of interests, and develop students ability, life at school became more interesting and fruitful.
In 1958 a new teacher of History, schools, graduator M.N.Butusov came to work to the school. He was a passionate student of local lore and could involve into this activity almost everyone. According to his initiative, in 1958 there was founded a Museum of comsomol fame which became the base for the Museum of local lore, history and economy. The mass searching work began at school, and it showed that there were a lot of heroic not on the pages of the books but just around us. Collected materials became the foundations for the creative students' works in the study of local lore. Excellent facts about the participation of the Lukoyanov people in the Great Patriotic War, materials on the history of the villages in Lukoyanov district and Lukoyanov comsomol organization were collected. Many displays were found around the town and they became the foundation of the exposition of the Museum of local lore, history and economy which was opened in Lukoyanov in 1961. It was the first local Museum of local lore, history and economy in Gorky Region working on a voluntary basis. The Museum was a great gift of the school to the native town.
In 1958 a teacher of Russian Language and literature, a school graduator, D.T.Nad'kin began to work there. With his coming, the interest to the literature and poetry was greatly arisen. He wrote poems himself, he was a beautiful elocutionist, and created a section "The Sparks" at school. At school there were found its own poets, the newspaper "The Sparks" and hand-written collections began to publish; the poems of the students were there. In 1960s the poems by N.Kulikova and L.Schipitsyna were published as well as the poems of D.T.Nad'kin and A.A.Kumanev.
The coming to the school a Leningrad Musical school graduator, N.I.Chistyakov was connected with the arising of the interest to music among the students. The work of "the musical Thursdays" activated, a great amount of the listeners came there. It was organized the study of the playing the piano (before it there was the study of the playing the domra only). Nikolai Ivanovich organized a section of the band-masters, and he himself accompanied to the choir, he wrote music himself, and organized an excellent vocal choir, which became popular not only in Lukoyanov, but some times became the awarder of the regional and republic competition of the vocal choirs.
Another popular hobby was sport. It happened thanks to A.Y.Druzhkov. Almost all the students were involved into doing sports. The school's sportsmen took first prizes at the regional and zonal competitions. In 1962 a ski team of the pedagogical school took the first place at the regional ski competition; it won six fold winner of the regional championship, a team of the road-transport technician. G.Obidina took the 1st place in 8km race and was included into the combined team of our region, and then took part in the republic competition in Krasnoufimsk. She fulfilled the standard of the 1st range. Our team received to challenge prizes and winner's diploma.
Lukoyanov pedagogical school was admired the most sportive school among the technical schools of the Russian Federation. In 1963 for the higher level of the organizing of physical cultural and sportive work, for the mass character of the sports activity at school, the staff was awarded the title of the "Yunost'" sport club. It united more than 700 students. The work of the club was lead by A.Y.Druzhkov, Y.B.Bulygina and N.S.Moiseyev. They led all out-of-school activities. There were 10 kinds of sport in the club and there was a rule "Every graduator must be an instructor of all out-of-school activities" ' there were 300 rated students and more than 200 instructors of all out-of-school activities in different kinds of sport.
Annually inside the club there was organized an instructive-refreshing camp called "Yunost'", where the students of the 3rd course had been spending two weeks. Rest there combined with well organized instructive work on tourism, study the local lore, work with pioneers. Life in the camp went on according to the timetable of the pioneer camp; it was a good preparation for the work with children. After the camp, the students were directed to the pioneer camps to work there as leaders.
Amateur art activities began to organize in new, more interesting and professional forms. In 1963 the school's musicians of the Orchestra of the folk instruments led by B.V.Martyanov acted on the stage of the Tower hall of the House of Units in Moscow, and that was evidence of the high level of its art skill. Honored popularity inside the school and around the district had the dance choir "Beryozka" led by M.Nikolayev. Later the dance collective developed to the combined dance choir of 66 people, which performed folk and ball dances. Musical accompaniment was played by M.M.Ivlev and N.V.Martyanov. The Orchestra of the bayan-players led by M.M.Ivlev and combined teachers' choir led by B.V.Martyanov performed with great success.
Photo section led by Y.P.Vorobyev and V.N.Martyanov organized interesting photo exhibitions "Beautiful around us". G.N.Dorofeyeva, a teacher of Art, helped organize the art exhibitions of the reproductions of Soviet artists' pictures which illustrated the lections on Art lessons.
But main popularity of the pedagogical school those days was created by its graduators who smoothly worked in different parts of our country, and who were specially characterized as enthusiastic, widely and deeply educated people, who loved children and were very responsible for their work. On the school's address a lot of letters with gratitude for the good preparation of teachers came very often.
In 1963 a famous journalist of the newspaper "Izvestiya" visited the pedagogical school. He was surprised with the enthusiastic atmosphere of the preparatory work of the future teachers, which reigned inside the school, and with different directions of forming the personality of the future teacher. He was surprised with the organization of the wide informative of the students in conditions of a provincial school, the level of which could be jealous for the city school. His impressions on school life, its director, teachers and students he described in the article "Lukoyanov fervor" published in "Izvestiya" in 1963 and made the school famous around the country.
The middle years of 1960s were signed by improvement of material resources. The school felt narrowness inside some of the equipped for the studies dwellings. The lessons were organized into two changes. In 1965 the building of the new part of the basic building on the Peace square and Gorky street was finished.
In 1965 V.P.Kumaneva, a teacher of Russian Language and Literature, was awarded the title of the "Honored Teacher of the Russian Federation".
In 1960s comsomol organization was the largest and the most initiative one in the district, and took active part in the district affairs. In 1966 it was responsible for the presenting of the comsomol organization of the Lukoyanov district on the 15th congress of Leninist Young Communist League of the Soviet Union. The delegate of the congress became a student of the 3rd course, T.Shatokhina.
In 1966 for the better success in the work of preparation of the primary school teachers Lukoyanov pedagogical school, being one of the first ones in the Russian Federation, was awarded the Order of Labour Red Banner. The same Order received the director of the school A.A.Kumanev. Many teachers were awarded the Diplomas of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation. That's why the school was named as "Lukoyanov awarded by the Order of Labour Red Banner pedagogical school named after M.Gorky".
The most important up-bringing task of the school studies had always been the bringing up the empathy to the affairs of our country. Before the 50th anniversary of the Great October revolution, believing in the better future for our country the students decided to address a message to the descendants, who would be 17 years old in 2017. The epigraph to this resolution included A.S.Pushkin's words: "Good day, generation, the young and the strange". It was an excited chat with their coevals, a report on the activities at Lukoyanov pedagogical school to the young people of 2017. In the message the students clearly defined their place in the total fate of the country: "We are the future teachers, and we will teach your fathers and mothers. Our task is to know and be able as much as we can in order to give our knowledge to the others. They will go far off, and will do kind deals on the Earth. You are the man of the future, and you will be better than we are. We don't envy, but we want you to be better than we are". Along with the message there were put photos, plans, books, small souvenirs. Students received invitation cards for the meeting in 2017. The capsule was built into the wall of the school corridor, and signed: "Message to the next generation. Open in 2017".
In the later 1960s pedagogical school was the centre of methodological work in the district. In 1967 for the self-sacrificing job for the preparation of the primary school teachers, for active methodological work with teachers of the local schools I.I.Tsvetkov, a teacher of Pedagogical science and the head of the section of the Pedagogical science, was awarded the title of the "Honored Teacher of the Russian Federation".
In 1967-68, school year in the country began the process of changing the programmes, which provided the conversion onto the 3-year course of primary education. The experiment held in some schools of the Russian Federation, among them was Lukoyanov basic school. Experimental groups were taught by very experienced teachers such as A.L.Loginova, Y.F.Toft, F.A.Gromtseva, and Y.K.Selivanova. Methodologists of the pedagogical school P.N.Solovyeva, A.F.Gruzdeva, and A.V.Myasnikova actively involved into the experimental work. P.N.Solovyeva was elected the member of the scientific and methodological Council on Methodology of Primary education of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation. For the successful introduction new school programmes into the practice they were awarded the title of "The honoured teacher of the enlightenment" in 1968.
In the end of 1960s the development of the school continued. In 1968 the faculty of the Physical education was founded inside it. The head of the faculty was appointed N.S.Moiseyev. There were entered 3 groups for the 3-tear course of studies. There were 4 specialties there: gymnastics, cross-country ski, sports games and track and field athletics. Foundation of faculty of physical education required new specialists of sports disciplines. So to work at school came gymnasts V.V.Tsarev, L.P.Naletov, M.Y.Naletova, candidate to the master of sports V.K.Domnina; sports games instructors V.I.Zamelin and A.V.Malyshev; athletes V.K.Belyashkin, S.N.Malysheva, L.N.Martynova, and the teacher of Theory an Methodology of the Physical education V.V.Popova and others.
In the later 1960s to work at school came some other people: the acting director of studies A.V.Kashin; the teachers of History G.I.Kashina, T.S.Kireyev and L.I.Belyashkina; the teachers of Literature G.I.Fadeyeva and L.S.Gamzyayeva; a teacher of Mathematics Y.I.Pakshayeva; a teacher of Biology O.P.Kireyeva.
In 1969 the faculty of pioneer instructors was founded. The head of the faculty became Z.M.Senturina. The work of the faculty was organized through the club "Red necktie", where the students received practical skills on organization of the work as pioneer instructors. The work of the instructive and refreshing camp for preparation of the students to the summer work with children at the pioneer camps became even more active. The faculty worked until 1984.
In 1970 the status of the students of the school changed, they became "students" (before it they were "pupils"). Two Honored Teachers of the Russian Federation A.A.Kumanev and I.I.Tsvetkov retired from work. These two excellent teachers had been working together for more than 20 years. Despite the different points of view on the questions of the up-bringing and education of the future teachers, they excellently added each other. Romanticism and the farther strategy of Alexander Alexandrovich extended by pragmatism and skillful tactics of Irinarkh Ivanovich.
It positively influenced the forming of the personalities of the future teachers. On the one hand, students received intense moral directive to the teacher's work from A.A.Kumanev; on the other hand they received maximum of practical skills from I.I.Tsvetkov.
It was proved by the great number of the graduators' letters. N.Rogozina from Ulyanovsk wrote: "Alexander Alexandrovich just loved us. He emphatically taught us to create the kindness, stressed that the teacher, in this attitude, is the richest and happiest person. This is he, the Teacher Kumanev, brought me up the proud of our profession. And if somebody of my students, which I have been teaching for 20 years, saw the small part of those things, which we saw in this brilliant person, inside me, there wouldn't be more happiness for me".
"Alexander Alexandrovich's students became the teachers, and I am sure, that all of them, as their Teacher, distinguished by their enthusiasm in their work, thirst for knowledge, endless kindness, keen on their profession and on people, and irreconcilability of everything what disturbed people's happiness. The memory of Alexander Alexandrovich's students is active. It revived not only the dear image and the high moral atmosphere of our youth. It isn't allowed us to step back and betray ourselves and our Teacher". (T.Moshkova, Leningrad).
Irinarkh Ivanovich taught students everything they needed in their future work and in their life. Graduators had never left school with empty hands. They took "Pedagogical box" consisting of many methodological work-outs, working plans, small collections of books. It is difficult to imagine the person, which is more responsible for his job than Irinarkh Ivanovich. He kept one of the most important traditions of the school - the tradition of the connection with the graduators. Hundreds of letters sent to school were the clear barometer which helped the pedagogical staff to appreciate positive and negative points of its work; and pushed the staff to search more effective forms of work.